Indirect free kicks can be awarded when a player commits a foul other than a penalty foul (e.g. dangerous play). They can be awarded for a player touching the ball for a second time after a restart, or a goalkeeper touching the ball with his hands when a teammate has deliberately passed it back to him.
Indirect free kicks are also awarded when a player from the opposing team is yellow or red carded for no specific foul (usually dissent) or most commonly, when an opposing player has been caught offside.
An offence punishable by an indirect free kick that takes place in the area does not result in a penalty kick, rather it continues to be taken as an indirect free kick.